As for travel, the most visited in this region are the British London and the French Paris, followed by Amsterdam and Rome. Sverdlovsk is how the city of Yekaterinburg was renamed in Soviet times (after the Bolshevik, Yakov Sverdlov). Check out photos of how life in Mari El looks like here. From 1935 to 1991, the city of Samara was known as Kuybishev, after the Soviet politician Valerian Kuybishev. Find out why Tuva joined the Empire twice here! In medieval times, Novgorod Region was an independent republic on the territory of feudal Russia. Its also home to one of the most beautiful mosques, Sufiya, thats very similar to the Taj Mahal. Popular Quizzes Today. Some territories of the region are inaccessible, because they are covered with taiga woods and swamps. Ports Index by Alphabetical: Select the first letter of the port name you want. Always up-to-date and accurate information. 7 on our list) and the Teberda natural reserve. It covers more than 12 ha and contains a lot of rare birds. Kaluga Region is located in the European part of Russia and is Moscows south-west neighbor. The list includes Sevastopol and settlements within the Republic of Crimea which are internationally recognized as part of Ukraine and were not subject to the 2010 census. Read more about how to spend a weekend in Irkutsk and how Lake Baikal will make you fall in love with Siberia here or if youre not visiting Baikal - read about its shamans here. In the list below sometimes the year of renaming appears in brackets after the new name. A: Aachen,Germany Aalesund,Denmark Aarhus,Denmark Abaco,Bahamas Abakan,Russia Abidjan,Ivory Coast Abu Dhabi,United Arab Emirates Aburatsu,Japan Acajutla,Republic of El Salvador Acapulco,Mexico Adabiya,Egypt Addis Ababa,Ethiopia Adelaide,South Australia Aden,Yemen . Find out 7 things that amaze travelers in Kamchatka here. The countries' principal cities have always been among the best places to live. You can get there only by helicopter, as well as to many other unique places in Kamchatka. By the way, after visiting Mordovia, famous French actor Gerard Depardieu was granted Russian citizenship - and he officially has an apartment in Saransk. The most popular cities among tourists are Kozelsk, Maloyaroslavets and the administrative city of Kaluga. During WWII, it was completely occupied by the Nazis, and almost all its cities were seriously damaged. Between 1938 and 1957, Orenburg was referred to as Chkalov, after the famous Soviet pilot, Valery Chkalov, who was the first to cross the Arctic Pole. Read more about the Battle of Kursk when Hitler lost his last hope for winning WWII here and check out our photo gallery from the Kursk Magnetic Anomaly here. List of cities of the Russian Empire in 1897, Last edited on 25 September 2022, at 14:58, List of cities of the Russian Empire in 1840, List of renamed cities and towns in Russia, "The First General Census of the Russian Empire of 1897. Sevastopol, situated on the Black Sea coast at the Crimean Peninsula, is a separate subject of the Russian Federation. Check our video report from Volgograd here. Great Russian writer Anton Chekhov was among the first tourists who came here after which he then described the life of locals in his book Sakhalin Island (read more about his journey here!). The region was named after the Khanty and Mansi - the indigenous peoples living here. In ancient times, the fortress Chersonesos (located on the territory of modern Sevastopol) was part of both the Roman and Byzantine empires. Some letters of the Russian alphabet look like and sound similar to the letters of the Latin alphabet. The local kremlin the oldest part of the city and is a unique historical and architectural object. This is an alphabetically ordered list of cities and towns in Russia organized by republic, kray (territory), okrug (district), and oblast (province). One of the natural miracles here is the Stolby Nature Reserve - mysterious stone rocks within the taiga - a popular place for hikers and climbers. The Okrug is, in fact, a part of the Arkhangelsk region, but it also has a status of autonomous subject of Russian Federation. The word horad (Belarusian: ) or gorod (Russian: ) is used for both. This is a list of cities and towns in Russia with a population of over50,000 as of the 2021 census. The republic is also home to Russias largest power plant - the SayanoShushenskaya Dam. Historically, there were two areas: Kabarda and Balkaria - which united in 1920s, after the Bolshevik Revolution. One of the oldest breweries in the country - Zhiguli - originates in Samara. Explore Ukrainian cities and regions to get info about local features, sights, hotels; Follow us on Twitter and Facebook to know more about beautiful Ukraine; How to obtain Ukrainian visa, what are the main airports, hotels, currency; Ask our Ukrainian Expert about the country, send flowers to Ukraine This name translates as Maritime Territory and stands on the eastern edge of Russia. There is a unique natural phenomenon in Omsk region the Five Lakes. The list includes major cities with the status of municipiu , as well as towns with the status of ora . Novosibirsk, the largest city in Siberia. Watch our video: Sakhalin Island on $200: Seafood, skiing and sushi here. 2 on the list of cities Russians want to live in (after Tyumen). Read more about the history and sightseeing of Astrakhan region here. The biggest ones are the Kuznetsk Alatau reserve and the Shor national Park. The city of Kirov is built on seven hills, like Moscow and Rome. One of the most famous places here is the Baskunchak salt lake, a popular destination for tourists. Another popular industry is samovar (a heated metal container traditionally used to heat and boil water) production (and once famous playwright, Anton Chekhov, even said a phrase that became an aphorism: Going to Paris with your own wife is equal that going to Tula with our own samovar. Which means no one does it! Adygeya (republic) Maykop Altay ( kray) Altay (republic) Barnaul Biysk Gorno-Altaysk Kamen-na-Obi Rubtsovsk Amur ( oblast) Belogorsk Blagoveshchensk Svobodny Arkhangelsk ( oblast) Arkhangelsk You may also choose whether to sort the entries horizontally or vertically. 1 on our list). It was founded in 1881 by Austrian nobleman and philanthropist Alfred von Vacano. Tambov was originally founded as a fortress in the 17th century to protect Russias southern borders. For a list of the largest cities and towns in Russia, see. Its capital, Krasnodar, unfortunately doesnt have access to the sea, but its a very nice, modern city, with a great new park and stadium. Historical and cultural buildings are also preserved in the city of Mtsensk. If you don't know Russian, find a state that looks familiar based on what you do know, then figure out the English equivalents for the other letters - like a cryptogram, but with a twist! Today tourists go to Voronezh region to see the 3 cave orthodox architectural ensembles: Belogorie, Divnogorie and Kostomarovo. This is the westernmost Russian region. 15,279), and Anadyr (pop. Cheboksary, the capital of Chuvashia, is situated on the beautiful banks of the Volga River (which is up to 4 km in width here!). It joined Russia in the mid-16th century and the local Bashkirs asked Ivan the Terrible to build the city there. In the Russian Empire, Sakhalin was used as the faraway exile for prisoners sentenced to life. As a result of the Caucasus stand-off in the early 1990s, many Ingush people fled and lived in refugee camps for many years. However, the plan to resettle Jews there failed: in the 1930s, only 16 percent of the population was Jewish (the rest were Russian and Ukrainian settlers) and now only 1 percent remain. Lipetsk Region is located in the European part of Russia. The cities with special statusare shown in italic. You can choose whether you want the results in alphabetical (ABC) or reverse alphabetical (ZYX) order. Check out our epic photo gallery from the Kuzbass coal mine here. Although Voronezh was seriously damaged during Nazi occupation, many medieval buildings have been preserved in the region. The name Yamal means "the edge of the earth" in the language of the indigenous inhabitants of this region the Nenets. Read more about the offbeat spots with an imperial history near St. Petersburg here. Check out some beautiful photos of Yaroslavl here. Now its included in the so-called Golden Ring of Russian towns and has a lot of worth exploring, including churches, monasteries and other historical sites. These indigenous people of the region have distinctive cultural traditions that are well adapted to the conditions of the harsh Arctic. Usually consisting of a city and the area surrounding it; 22 republics. You might want to read about Sergiev Posad, where Russias main monastery, the Trinity Lavra of St. Sergius, is situated. The figures are for the population within the limits of the city/town proper, not the urban area or metropolitan area. Get the week's best stories straight to your inbox. Tobolsk is famous for its kremlin, a truly amazing architectural and historical monument. Leo Tolstoy was born and lived most of his life in Tula Region - in his estate, Yasnaya Polyana. Read more about it and the other nine places here! From Simple English Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia, List of cities and towns in Russia by population, Location of the most populous cities in Russia, The city of Moscow, though a separate entity from the surrounding, The city of Saint Petersburg, though a separate entity from the surrounding, List of federal subjects of Russia by population, " ", Russian Cities of over 100,000 population at, Cities of Russia as a subject of tourist interest,, Articles containing Russian-language text, Creative Commons Attribution/Share-Alike License. Tver and the cities in the region like Torzhok, Toropets and Bezhetsk have an eight centuries-long history and are popular travel destinations. Dont mix up the southern city of Rostov-on-Don with Rostov Veliky, a small ancient city in the Yaroslavl Region (No. Locals say the kremlin offers the most beautiful sunset views. Regions such as Belgorod and its neighbors (Voronezh, Kursk, Lipetsk and Tambov) are very important for Russian agriculture, because of its chernozem (literally black earth), an extremelyfertile soil. 3 federal cities (cities that are de jure separate subjects). Read more about Magadan, a far-flung town in Russias Far East, here. Quiz Lab. The majority of the population is now Russian, however, in close second are the Mordvins, which consist of two ethnic groups: Erzya and Moksha, with Finno-Ugric roots. Read more about Khabarovsk, the city on the 5,000 ruble banknote, here. Interestingly, the main street in the capital Grozny is called Prospekt Putina, after the Russian President. This is a list of cities and towns in Russia with a population of over 50,000 at the 2021 census. They are part of the UNESCO World Heritage list. 15 of the most amazing Romanov palaces in Russia, Check out our Russian e-visa how-to guide. Buryatia is considered to be in Russias Far East, having Lake Baikal as the northern border and the country of Mongolia as the southern one. List of renamed cities and towns in Russia, Learn how and when to remove this template message, List of inhabited localities in Kaliningrad Oblast, List of names of European cities in different languages, List of Asian city names in different languages,, Short description is different from Wikidata, Articles lacking in-text citations from June 2018, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License 3.0, more renamings happened during the whole history of the, in 1945, German cities around Knigsberg were made part of the, Circa 1972-73, many Chinese or Chinese-sounding place names in the, Alexandria (1838) Dakhovsky (1864) Dakhovsky Posad (1874) , Alexandrovskaya Alexandrovka Alexandrovsky (1917) , Alexandrovskoye (1860) Alexandrovka (1926) Krasnopartizansk (1931) Kuybyshevka-Vostochnaya (1936) , Batalpashinkaya (1804) Batalpashinsk (1931) Sulimov (1934) Yezhovo-Cherkessk (1937) , Biryuch (1905) Budyonny (1919) Krasnogvardeyskoye (1958) , Bogdanovo Spassk Bednodemyanovsk (1925) , Dmitrovka (1711) Dmitrovsk Dmitrovsk-Orlovsky (1929) , Galkino-Vrasskoye (1884) Ochiai (1905) , Grushyovskaya Gornoye Grushyovskoye Alexandrovsk-Grushyovsky , Iletskaya Zashchita Iletsk Iletskoye Iletskaya Zashchita , Izhevsky Zavod (1760) Izhevsk (1807) Ustinov (1984) , Khotchino Gatchina Trotsk (1923) Krasnogvardeysk (1929) , Kuznetsk (1618) Novokuznetsk (1931) Stalinsk (1932) , Nikolskoye Nikolsk Nikolsk-Ussuriysky (1898) Voroshilov (1935) , Nizhnevolzhskoye (1963) Nizhnevolzhsk (1967) , Novaya Derevnya Alexandrovsky Novonikolayevsky Novonikolayevsk , Novaya Pokrovka Svoboda (1943) Liski Georgiu-Dezh (1965) , Oreshek Nteborg Shlisselburg Petrokrepost , Pyora Gondatti Vladimiro-Shimanovsky , Saint Petersburg (1703) Petrograd (1914) Leningrad (1924) , Sergiyev Posad Sergiyev (1919) Zagorsk (1930) , Svyatoy Krest Prikumsk Budyonnovsk Prikumsk , Ust-Sheksna Rybansk Rybnaya Sloboda (1504) Rybnoy Rybinsk (1777) Shcherbakov (1946) Rybinsk (1957) Andropov (1984) , Vladikavkaz Ordzhonikidze Dzaudzhikau Ordzhonikidze , Volna-Khristianovsky Novokhristianovskoye Khristianovskoye , Vorontsovo-Alexandrovskoye Sovetskoye , Yagoshikha (1723) Perm (1781) Molotov (1940) , Yekaterinburg () Sverdlovsk , This page was last edited on 24 February 2023, at 07:24. One of the most beautiful natural wonders, the Chegem waterfalls, can also be found here. Ulyanovsk is also famous for its UAZ truck factory - its most famous production is the UAZ-469 - a popular Soviet military off-road vehicle. Follow his footsteps by reading our article here. Read more about 5 stunning historical places for a day trip to the Moscow Region here. One of the most breathtaking natural wonders of Yakutia are the giant Lena Pillars rock range. Vologda Region, located in the northwest of Russia, is rich with historic monuments, such as the Kirillo-Belozersky and Ferapontov Monasteries with the frescoes of Dionisius, medieval buildings in Belozersk and baroque churches in Totma and Ustyuzhna. Saint Petersburg, the cultural capital of the country. By the way, it's one of 15 Russian cities with a population of more than a million - 1.12 to be exact.,Bashkiria is 67% Muslim republic. In 1941, under Stalins orders, most of them were deported to Kazakhstan and Siberia. There are many wildlife preserves in the region. Thats how the capital city of Ufa appeared. This is Russias (and the worlds) biggest subdivision. Tver, the capital of the region, is one of the oldest cities in Eastern Russia, and was founded in the 12th century. 22 on our list). Updates? In Pskov, there are also many other medieval buildings examples of the unique northern monumental architecture and the beautiful Pskov-Caves Monastery. Europes highest mountain, Mount Elbrus, is situated on the border with the Kabardino-Balkaria Republic (No. Check out what people post on Instagram when geotagging Karelia here! Russia has 12 cities with more than a million people, 200 cities with between 100,000 and 1 million people, and 1297 cities with between 10,000 and 100,000 people. Kazan and the modern republic of Tatarstan are Chuvashia's eastern neighbors. In early Soviet times, the autonomous national territory of the so-called Volga Germans was established inside the Saratov region. They can participate in international business affairs, however, they dont have their own constitutions like republics, for example. Towns in Mexico that start with B. Check out some breathtaking photos of picturesque Chukotka here. Kalmykia has a very high education standard and is the only region of Russia to have chess included in school programs. Locals used to complain that even other Russians didnt always know that Dagestan is part of Russia, not a separate country (promptly asking things like which currency they have, etc.). On the border with Georgia lies the republic of Karachay-Cherkessia, another republic of the Caucasus. Since 2008, famous Russian gallerist Marat Guelman has started a cultural revolution here, bringing contemporary art and opening the PERMM museum for contemporary art in 2009. The Tyva Republic (aka Tyva or Tuva) is situated in the south of Siberia on the border with Mongolia. The brightest ones occur between November and February. This page was last changed on 4 January 2023, at 18:29. 4 on our list)! Read more about the Nikola Lenivets art village, Russias biggest art park, here. Pyatigorsk is the administrative centre of North Caucasian Federal District but not of any federal subject. Read more about how people live 60 days without nights here and check out cool photos of Murmansk here. Its also included in the top-20 biggest Russian cities. Population of Cities in Russia 2023. Tatarstan has two official languages: Russian and Tatar. There are lots of natural preserves, including The Russian Arctic in the Arkhangelsk region. To best make use of the genealogical word list, please read Russia Languages, In Russian, the endings of most words vary according to gender, number, and usage in a sentence. According to legend, the Varangian prince Rurik was called upon by the Russians to rule here, and that was how the first dynasty of Russia (the Ruriks) began. One of the most interesting cities on the banks of the Azov is Taganrog, where Anton Chekhov was infamously burned. On the night of 16-17 July, 1918, the family of the last Russian Emperor, Nicholas II, was infamously shot and murdered here. The capital is Yoshkar-Ola. Recently, several churches and towers of Pskov were included in the UNESCO list of world heritage sites. Three capitals are too small to make the list: Naryan-Mar (pop. So instead, please find everything you ever wanted to know about Moscow - here! In its capital, Elista, there is even a City Chess complex - a giant palace to train and study chess - and a museum. Cities in bold are the capital city of their federal subject. Note that the sixteen largest cities have a total population of 35,509,177, or roughly 24.1% of the country's total population. The city is one of the most important tourism centers in the country. One of the most beautiful datsans (Buddhist monastery) in Russia is located here. In 1934, it was renamed in honor of the Russian revolutionary and soviet politician, Sergei Kirov.